Rosacea often starts with a tendency to blush/flush easily and this can lead to other symptoms.
- burning and stinging sensations
- permanent redness
- small blood vessels in the skin becoming visible
- eye symptoms (inflammation of the eyelids, dry eyes, reoccurring stye).
- Thickening of skin usually around the nose (rhinophyma) This is uncommon and in severe cases.
Some people report certain triggers cause a flare up. Common triggers are -
- exposure to sunlight
- strenuous exercise
- hot or cold weather
- hot drinks
- spicy foods
There are a number of things you can do to help keep the symptoms of rosacea under control -
- avoiding things that trigger your symptoms if known
- taking good care of your skin and using products suitable for sensitive skin
- using make-up to camouflage persistent redness
- using an SPF daily
- metronidazole cream or gel
- azelaic acid cream or gel
- ivermectin cream
Redness can also sometimes be successfully improved with vascular laser or intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment. These treatments require a referral to a dermatologist and they're not usually available on the NHS, so you may need to pay for them privately.